Creating your trading business plan
This lesson will incorporate many aspects of trading that you are likely to be familiar with. We assume that you have already been trading and you are looking to make your approach more professional. If you are new to trading, then this lesson is still very beneficial to you, because you can start your education with a clear goal in mind.
This lesson serves as a hub for each aspect of trading, because in order to develop a business like approach, you now need to tie in all the different aspects of trading together.
Your trading business
If you are considering a career in trading, whether that career is full time or part time, you must view this as a business. A bank or a financial institution has hundreds of people working for them. This includes risk managers, analysts, accountants and of course the traders that execute the positions.
All of these people make up the business and they each specialise in their own area. You will be all of these people combined – you are the business.
Trading is like any other business
In order to begin thinking of trading as a business, you need to consider every detail about what can impact your success and what will affect your overall profitability.
You have costs that you need to cover, and in the case of full time trading, there needs to be enough left over for your living expenses. There are also tax implications, computer costs, possible fees for price data and use of trading platforms. Even your electricity bills need to be considered, because they all have an impact on your overall profit.
Most importantly, you need to understand your goals and how you are going to achieve them.
Even if you consider trading as a part time job, you will still need to consider these factors.
What is a trading business plan?
A trading business plan, just like a normal business plan, is a document that details everything that you need to know in order to run your trading business.
It includes your goals and objectives, how you intend to make money, what your edge is, what you will trade and why, and how you will grow your trading business.
It should also include details about the technical and fundamental analysis you will use, money management, psychological ideals and how you will prepare, execute and then evaluate the trades you place.
A trading plan, in essence, holds all of the information, rules and practices you will employ.
Creating a trading plan
Before you set out to create your trading business plan, you need to first of all define your goals.
Define your goals
What are you looking to achieve both personally and financially?
- As a benchmark, what return are you looking to make per month?
- What are you looking to make in a year?
- How much are you looking to reduce your drawdown by?
- Will you use different strategies to deal with different market conditions?
- How will you work towards becoming more disciplined?
- How will you deal with drawdown periods?
- How will you adjust if your financial goals are not being met?
Creating your plan
Now that you have defined your goals, you can create your business plan.
What is your investment?
- How much starting capital do you have?
- What amount of capital are you going to initially invest?
- How much capital do you have to initially cover your total costs? How long will this last for?
You should always only invest what you are comfortable with.
What are you going to trade?
Are you going to diversify into different asset classes or will you focus on one specific market?
Note that it is considered better to look at more than one asset class where possible, in order to maximise opportunity. At the same time you must be careful not to overextend yourself.
Some strategies are optimised for specific asset classes and so you will need to consider what you can and cannot trade.
What are your costs?
- How much will it cost you for each trade in spread and commission?
- Do you have to factor in overnight positions?
- How much do you pay for your trading software?
- How much do you pay for your data feeds?
- How much do you pay in bills for your electricity?
- How much do you pay to rent your office space/desk? Or what is your rent/mortgage?
- Do you have to pay tax? If so how much? Do you have to pay an accountant?
You need to list every single expenditure that you have.
What technical strategy will you use?
This is at the heart of your trading business plan. First of all you will need to write down each aspect of your technical strategy.
- What is your entry?
- What is your stop loss?
- What is your profit target?
- What charting tools will you use to identify, enter and exit trades?
- What charting patterns/candlestick patterns will you use?
You will also need to make sure that the strategy that you are using has been fully tested and that you have recorded your benchmarks in your plan:
- Will you trade more than one strategy?
- Will you trade more than one asset class? Have you tested each asset class?
- What are the benchmarks of your strategy/asset class you are trading with?
- What can you realistically expect in real live trading, based on the results of your testing?
What fundamental factors will you incorporate?
You need to decide if you are going to trade certain news events or not, if so, what fundamental news services (websites, newspapers etc) if any you will use?
Do you need to pay attention to specific earnings reports or bond auctions? Do you need to take into consideration economic reports? Will you simply be aware of certain news releases to stay out of the market?
The effectiveness of your money management plan will determine whether you will be able to carry on after a drawdown period or difficult market environments. Money management will essentially keep you in business.
What will your average position size be?
What will you risk per trade and will you risk more on different trade types?
How many trades are you looking to take per day?
How do you intend to trade during winning and losing cycles? For example, will you cut the size of your position if you are losing? Will you increase it when you are winning?
The section on your daily routine should contain the plan you will use on a daily basis before, after and during your trading day to optimise your mental state.
It will include:
- What you will do for your daily preparation/rituals before you trade.
- How often you will take breaks.
- The methods you intend to use for evaluating your trading day.
- How you intend to optimise your end of day ritual to ensure you are in peak condition and organised for the following trading day.
- How will you deal with emotion?
- How will you recognise if you are in an emotional state and should not trade?
- How will you break cycles of losses?
For example, you may decide to take regular breaks during the trading session. It may be that you are going to write a trading journal that encompasses a section on your emotional state during every trade. Either way, planning how you will deal with psychological issues is a great way to finish up your trading plan.
Evolution of your trading business plan
Once you have written your plan, you will need to continuously evaluate and amend it.
This is because the strategy you start with may not be the same strategy you trade with in the future. Your trading business plan is something that should constantly evolve, just as you do as a trader.
You will find that you may change certain aspects of your routine and you need to record this.Although it is not necessary to change things weekly, a monthly review of the plan may be beneficial in both refreshing yourself with your trading system and also for making any changes or additions.
In this lesson you have learned that ...
- ... if you are considering a trading career, you must have a business plan.
- ... banks and financial institutions have hundreds of people working for them. This includes traders, analysts and risk managers – you will have to be all of these.
- ... a trading plan includes all the rules and information you will employ to be a full time trader.
- ... you need to first define your personal and financial goals.
- ... after you have created your goals, you need to put together your business plan.
- ... you need to consider: the cost of trading, which technical strategy/strategies you will use, what fundamental factors you will incorporate and what your money management practices will be.
- ... you will also need to define your daily routine and how you will deal with the psychology of trading.
- ... you must keep in mind that your plan will evolve as you develop as a trader.